Time for the Mayor to Clear the Air

Smedley Crane & Construction remove the Commodore Maury statue.

by James A. Bacon

Three years ago, the Richmond Times-Dispatch published an article headlined thusly: “Baltimore paid less than $20,000 to remove four Confederate monuments last month. So what does that mean for Richmond?”

Richmond Mayor Levar Stoney and then-Gov. Terry McAuliffe had estimated that it would cost more than $5 million to remove five Confederate statues from Richmond’s Monument Avenue. They argued that such a large sum would be more productively spent on city schools.

After conducting a Freedom of Information Act request, the RTD discovered that the City of Baltimore had paid a contractor $19,364 for “monument removal and storage” of four Confederate statues. The contractor put the statues in a city storage lot and covered them with tarps. To address security concerns, the city had the statues removed overnight with no advance notice.

The RTD article seems especially relevant today as Stoney, running for re-election, defends his decision to pay a campaign contributor $1.8 million to remove four statues: of Jefferson Davis, J.E.B. Stuart, Stonewall Jackson, and Mathew Fontaine Maury. The circumstances in Baltimore and Richmond were not identical. The Richmond statues were larger than the Baltimore statues. Stoney was acting during a public emergency punctuated by violent protests. No Richmond contractor was willing to undertake the job, and the mayor had to look out-of-state for someone to do the work.

But when the cost differs by a factor of almost 100, Stoney has some explaining to do. Especially when he ignored Richmond and state procurement policies to award the contract to a dummy corporation set up by Devon Henry, a campaign contributor.

Since breaking the story about NAH and Henry winning the contract, Bacon’s Rebellion has received repeated feedback from people in the construction industry expressing astonishment at the price paid to remove the statues. Multiple sources have suggested that the job could have been done for roughly $50,000, even taking into account the special circumstances. None were willing to go on the record, however, and anybody speaking anonymously can make any claim he wants to without accountability, so their assertions have limited value.

That’s why the Baltimore contract, long forgotten as the statue controversy has unfolded in the three years since, is important. It provides a real-world benchmark of what it costs to take statues down, move them, and store them.

A minor factor explaining the difference between Baltimore’s $20,000 and Richmond’s $1.8 million cost was the size of the statues. Baltimore’s were somewhat smaller. But the difference was not large. The largest two of the four were roughly the size of the J.E.B. Stuart monument, noted the RTD.

Another potential factor was security. Baltimore officials resolved the security issue by acting in the dead of night. By contrast, the cost of removing Confederate statues in New Orleans escalated from an initial cost of $170,000 to $2.1 million. Death threats were made, and the initial contractor pulled out of the deal after his car had been set on fire. Henry, owner of minority construction contracting firm Team Henry Enterprises, dealt with the security issue in two ways. First, he preserved his anonymity by setting up NAH LLC as a dummy corporation to transact the deal. Second, the contract contained the following provisions that put the onus for crew safety on the city.

  • The City will provide a sufficient police force to secure each location where work is to be performed and ensure the safety of our workers and the ability to work efficiently.
  • The City will provide police escorts, as needed, and ensure that there is no vehicular traffic within a one block radius of our workers.
  • The city will provide police escorts, as needed, and sure that all travel costs are unimpeded.

The primary cost escalator in the Richmond contract was the necessity of hiring an out-of-state firm willing to do the work. Henry procured the services of a Connecticut firm, Smedley Crane & Rigging, as well as a local artist and welder.  The contract called for bringing the out-of-state team to Richmond and keeping it on standby for up to five days until Stoney gave the go-ahead to commence removal. In other words, the city had to pay the crane & rigging crew even when it was idle, and also had to cover food and lodging. Many observers have suggested that those provisions might have added at most a couple hundred thousand dollars in expense. Some have suggested that NAH’s profit margin on the contract was in the realm of $1.5 million.

Such conjectures are unprovable, given the limited information that resides in the public domain. However, the ability of the City of Baltimore to get a very similar job done for $20,000 suggests that Stoney extravagantly overpaid in a no-bid contract.

City Councilwoman Kim Gray, who is running against Stoney for mayor, has written Colette McEachin, Richmond’s commonwealth’s attorney, requesting a “complete and immediate investigation into the facts and circumstances surrounding this matter to determine whether any laws or emergency procurement rules were violated and whether any criminal charges are warranted.”

Meanwhile, citizens should press Stoney and Henry for details of the costs incurred in execution of the contract. Stoney is under no legal obligation of which I am aware to provide an audited breakdown of NAH LLC’s expenses, but citizens are perfectly justified in asking for one. The no-bid deal between Stoney and a financial backer appears to have been obscenely profitable. It’s time to clear the air.

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8 responses to “Time for the Mayor to Clear the Air”

  1. Nancy_Naive Avatar

    “Shuck ‘im, Jim”

    BTW, that’s an oyster metaphor so you can put down the blue pencil. Wink, wink.

  2. Reed Fawell 3rd Avatar
    Reed Fawell 3rd

    Like I’ve said before, these sorts of stories that now range from UVA to Richmond, and much in between in Virginia, most typically are about squalid and banal behaviors.

  3. Bill O'Keefe Avatar
    Bill O’Keefe

    Why isn’t the Richmond Times Dispatch making a major issue of this. It looks like a clear case of cronyism and graft. There should be an audit by the state which also can make an estimate of what cost would be reasonable. Bringing a company from Connecticut? Can anyone really believe that there was no Virginia firm who could have done this?

    1. Actually, I think it’s possible that no Virginia firms could be found. Under the circumstances, I don’t have a problem with hiring an out-of-town company. It’s the $1.8 million that I find dubious.

  4. Nancy_Naive Avatar

    There is good news. Richmond can probably recoop the cost, plus more, with an auction.

  5. Bill O'Keefe Avatar
    Bill O’Keefe

    Jim, think about all of the large cranes and related equipment during construction in Richmond and in the shipyard area of the Tidewater.

  6. Steve Haner Avatar
    Steve Haner


    Stoney is a hero for sticking it to The Power in certain circles. He remains on top in this coming election, the one to beat. Not one of his voters will peel off if it turns out this was a totally corrupt deal, not a single one. They love him for doing it.

    There are seven candidates for mayor, three with a chance, and as of the last reports (link above) Stoney was way ahead on money. There is likely to be a runoff, since to be elected somebody needs a majority in five of the nine wards (Richmond’s own Electoral College.) So in the end probably, a low turn out run off between Stoney and one of the two women, Kim Gray or Alexis Rodgers. The tough fight in October will probably be over who gets to the runoff, with those two ignoring Stoney and sniping at each other.

    I have no data. I’m speculating. But my bet today would be a Stoney win, but only in the runoff, not on Nov. 3. Northam made is possible for him to claim the “emergency” and McAuliffe hovers in the background. Even an indictment won’t stop him at the polls. Wouldn’t help, but might not be fatal.

  7. Steve Haner Avatar
    Steve Haner

    § 52-8.2. Certain investigations of elected officials; immunity for witnesses.
    A. No investigation of an elected official of the Commonwealth or any political subdivision to determine whether a criminal violation has occurred, is occurring or is about to occur under the provisions of § 52-8.1 shall be initiated, undertaken or continued except upon the request of the Governor, Attorney General or a grand jury.

    Wake me when they impanel a grand jury. No way in hell Northam or Herring will authorize the state police to dig into that contract.

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