About those Boogaloo Boys…

Hawaiian-shirt clad Boogaloo boy Mike Dunn addressing a crowd July 4th. “We don’t do that Nazi s***!” Source: Twitter.

by James A. Bacon

After a small riot last weekend that resulted in the torching of a dump truck, dumpster fires, shattered windows, and two dozen arrests, Richmond Mayor Levar Stoney blamed… white supremacists.

“Last night shows that the real hate comes from the racism that is still very much alive in our commonwealth,” Stoney said in a press conference. “And some have used this moment to still express that hate.” Police Chief Gerald Smith confirmed that a few white men in Hawaiian shirts — an emblem of the so-called boogaloo movement, which incites violence to accelerate society’s plunge into civil war — were spotted in the crowd. Smith did allow for the fact that others among the rioters were involved with or influenced by the left-wing antifa movement.

Just one problem with Stoney’s narrative: He has no direct evidence showing that white supremacists organized the protest, encouraged violence, or participated in property damage. That’s the conclusion of Graham Moomaw with The Virginia Mercury, a left-leaning online publication. Moomaw and the Mercury deserve credit for publishing a well-researched article that runs counter to the liberal/progressive narrative. My esteem for the publication has increased a notch. Maybe two notches.

Saturday’s protest-turned-riot was promoted in an online flier of unknown origin that urged Richmonders to show solidarity with Portland, Ore., where predominantly white protesters have laid siege to the federal courthouse. “By sharing, attending and leading the March, the Mayor and Chief believe the boogaloos share responsibility for the violence that took place that evening,” Jim Noland, Stoney’s spokesman, told the Mercury.

However, Moomaw found that police have not connected any of the nearly two dozen people arrested last weekend to white supremacist groups.

Also, experts on political extremism quoted by the Mercury, say that, although there is some overlap between the boogaloo movement and white supremacists, not all boogaloos are white supremacists.

Indeed, Moomaw talked to Richmond boogaloo organizer Mike Dunn, who calls himself a centrist libertarian. Dunn insists he is not a white supremacist. He has appeared in solidarity with the BLM757 group in Richmond, chanting, “white supremacy sucks,” and he says his group left the protest before it turned violent.

JaPharii Jones, leader of BLM757, said he does not believe Dun is a white supremacist. Rather, said Jones, Stoney wanted to portray himself as standing up to white supremacy. “It’s all politics. He had to have somebody to put the blame on for that.”

Dunn may be a “centrist libertarian” in philosophy, but he was kicked off Facebook for a video in which he bore an AR-15 rifle while demanding Gov. Ralph Northam’s resignation. his words are anything but pacific. “If there had been white supremacists there we would’ve fought ’em,” Dunn said of Saturday night. “We fought ’em on July 4 when three of them ‘Heil Hitler’ed’ in our crowd.”

Bacon’s bottom line: The presence of boogaloo boys in the Saturday march highlights just how fractured the demonstrations are. There are militant black-rights groups such as Black Lives Matter, predominantly white anarchist groups such as Antifa, boogaloo boys, perhaps a sprinkling of actual white supremacists, and maybe even some genuinely peaceful protesters. Blaming white supremacists for the Saturday violence was a pathetic attempt by Stoney to shift the blame for his own inability to maintain public order.

Update: The original post contained a photograph taken from the Virginia Mercury website. However, I have been informed that the photo belongs to Getty Images, which the Mercury subscribes to. I do not subscribe to Getty. Having been nicked for $2,000 last month for posting a copyrighted photo  (grrrrr, what a racket!), I deemed it wise to replace the boogaloo boys photo.

There are currently no comments highlighted.

47 responses to “About those Boogaloo Boys…

  1. This is replay of the lies by politicians and some UVa. officials regarding what actually happened in the Charlottesville riots of July 8, 2017 as those lies were later contradicted by an in depth independent report found at: https://www.huntonak.com/en/news/final-report-independent-review-of-the-2017-protest-events-in-charlottesville-virginia.html

  2. Still consulting that rancid left wing media for your facts? geeze!
    (I thought Graham Moomaw was RTD?)

    One day you condemn media and say never again, then the next day you’re slurping their kool aid again – apparently when it agrees better with you! 😉

    It’s been clear from the beginning that some want to discredit the BLM movement – they reject the premise of the group – and no coincidence that others have come on the streets simultaneously with other motives more aligned with disruption, vandalism, and disorder that will put pressure on the police to shut it all down – no matter who it is.

    In other words, when the peaceful protestors come out – here come the disrupters to taint any and all protest and get it shut down.

    That leaves the police in an untenable position of being accused of shutting down legitimate protest and standing by and doing nothing while violence and disorder ensues.

    I’m a little skeptical of the guy who claims to be Bugaloo… to be honest. I’m waiting for other shoes to drop with respect to him.

    • And yet we still wait for someone in authority in Richmond, Portland, Chicago, etc., (interestingly enough, they are all D’s) to call for an end to the “protesters” violence, or call for a state of emergency (like Northam felt was necessary for the 2A rall but not necessary this past weekend) while their communities burn. Don’t tell me for a second that their inaction is not driven by politics. They’re desperately hoping that one of those federal folks opens fire so they can have another Kent State heading into November.

      Would it really be that hard/unreasonable to ask the truly peaceful protesters to stand down for a brief period of time until the thugs are cleared out? If not, at what point are the peaceful folks going to get pissed and start aggressively pushing back on the punks who are taking the attention off of their legitimate issues and concerns?

      • re: ” Would it really be that hard/unreasonable to ask the truly peaceful protesters to stand down for a brief period of time until the thugs are cleared out? If not, at what point are the peaceful folks going to get pissed and start aggressively pushing back on the punks who are taking the attention off of their legitimate issues and concerns?”

        Would not. But what do you do when they take a break and come back and the violence ensues again?

        • Hopefully the violent ones would have been given appropriate “incentives” to slither back to where they came from at that point and won’t come back for a while.

          • so part of all of this is probably due to folks not having jobs and having a lot of time on their hands.

            These folks are obviously not “essential”….

    • “Black Lives Matter is an ideological and political intervention in a world where Black lives are systematically and intentionally targeted for demise.”

      Do you accept the premise of the group?

      • Do I accept what maybe one person wrote on a website?

        nope.

        but then I don’t ignore what I’m hearing writ large from BLM folks.

        What you don’t do is focus on one thing from one person but look at the movement overall and what they are saying. Just like with media, you need to not seek out the one thing you like or dislike but try to understand with some perspective.

        Does the BLM have a legitimate cause? Yes, IMHO. Does BLS have a lot of individuals involved and perhaps some are more radical than the others? Yes. but go back to square one and ask yourself – do you want to find ways to discredit the movement as a whole or find the parts that have legitimacy? Do you reject the systemic racism claim from the get go?

        That’s where to start IMHO.

        • For the record, I do not accept the premise that “Black lives are systematically and intentionally targeted for demise” in this country.

          • I do not either – but I’m not going to use that statement as a reason to oppose them… I do believe they have righteous issues and some more radical not accepted as THE premise of the group.

            You have to do this if you really do believe they have legitimacy in their cause… some will find something they can use as an excuse to oppose them… others will try to find a path forward past those who would blow it up.

      • Larry,

        It’s not what one person wrote – it’s part of the group’s official web-site.

        It is one of the stated purposes for the group’s existence.

        https://blacklivesmatter.com/herstory/

        So, I ask again, do YOU accept the premise of the group?

        • I need to know about who the folks are that run the website.

          More about how the group is governed and operates…

          Even the Smithsonian has folks who get on their website and post stuff that is not the official position.

          have you looked at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Lives_Matter

          I don’t see that statement as a premise as much as a statement of belief and more hyperbole than a mission.

          You’re looking at individual things here… not the movement writ large… I think you could go into just about any group and go down such a list and find something… but again – one person likely did write it as opposed to a governing board approving it.

          it’s a loosely organized group – without a whole lot of formal governance to wordsmith.

          the basic premise of Black Lives Matter to most people is that there exists systemic racism in our society.

          The fundamental legitimacy of the cause is clear to most folks.

          • Rationalize, away, Larry.

            Same inability to concede a point you have lost, different week.

            And you trust a Wiki article more than a group’s own website? I will most definitely remember that for later.

          • Oh, and your willingness to trust a Wiki article over a group’s own web-site will be remembered and possibly used as ammunition in the future.

          • You might check – Wiki articles are not opinion – they are footnoted extensively with factual references.

            The challenge on a lot of this is to get to the truth and not be fooled into confirming your own biases…

            Most “movements” have different players and they evolve – the key is understanding what they are really about – and BLM IMHO opinion is about a belief that blacks have been systematically discriminated against and you should not just believe what any of them say or assert but go forth to see if there is substance to their claims.

            For me – it’s no contest. It’s clear.

            And they are not the ONLY group – there are dozens of them that are on the same track.

            There is no rationalization here. The impetus behind BLM is legitimate IMHO. Have you looked at the polls? Do you think all those folks are wrong especially black folks?

          • let me point out – THIS is WIKI , more than 400 references of fact. If you really want to understand – you have to be willing to look at more than one thing.

            References
            “What we believe”. Black Lives Matter. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
            Friedersdorf, Conor. “How to Distinguish Between Antifa, White Supremacists, and Black Lives Matter.” The Atlantic. August 31, 2017. August 31, 2017.
            “About”. Black Lives Matter. June 20, 2020.
            “ICYMI: Black Lives Matter Foundation, Inc. Statement in Response to the First 2020 Democratic National Debate”. Black Lives Matter. Retrieved September 10, 2019.
            “About: Herstory”. Black Lives Matter. June 20, 2020.
            “Black Lives Matter: Black Lives Matter Global Network Foundation Announces $6.5 Million Fund to Support Organizing Work”. Black Lives Matter. Retrieved June 20, 2020.
            Roberts, Frank (July 13, 2018). “How Black Lives Matter Changed the Way Americans Fight for Freedom”. American Civil Liberties Union. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
            Day, Elizabeth (July 19, 2015). “#BlackLivesMatter: the birth of a new civil rights movement”. The Guardian. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
            Luibrand, Shannon (August 7, 2015). “Black Lives Matter: How the events in Ferguson sparked a movement in America”. CBS News. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
            Eligon, John (November 18, 2015). “One Slogan, Many Methods: Black Lives Matter Enters Politics”. The New York Times. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
            Cullors-Brignac, Patrisse Marie (February 23, 2016). “We didn’t start a movement. We started a network”. Medium. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
            Collins, Ben; Mak, Tim (August 15, 2015). “Who Really Runs #BlackLivesMatter?”. The Daily Beast. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
            “Protesters around the world rally for George Floyd and against police brutality”. France24. June 7, 2020. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
            Buchanan, Larry; Bui, Quoctrung; Patel, Jugal K. (July 3, 2020). “Black Lives Matter May Be the Largest Movement in U.S. History”. The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
            “Defund The Police”. Defund The Police. Retrieved July 8, 2020.
            Cohn, Nate; Quealy, Kevin (June 10, 2020). “How Public Opinion Has Moved on Black Lives Matter”. The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
            Parker, Kim; Horowitz, Juliana Menasce; Anderson, Monica (June 12, 2020). “Majorities Across Racial, Ethnic Groups Express Support for the Black Lives Matter Movement”. Pew Research Center’s Social & Demographic Trends Project. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
            Miller, Ryan W. (July 12, 2016). “Black Lives Matter: A primer on what it is and what it stands for”. USA Today. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
            Clayton, Dewey M. (2018). “Black Lives Matter and the Civil Rights Movement: A Comparative Analysis of Two Social Movements in the United States”. Journal of Black Studies. 49 (5): 448–480.
            Tillery, Alvin B. (September 2019). “What Kind of Movement is Black Lives Matter? The View from Twitter”. Journal of Race, Ethnicity and Politics. 4 (2): 297–323. doi:10.1017/rep.2019.17. ISSN 2056-6085.
            Freelon, Deen; McIlwain, Charlton D.; Clark, Meredith D. (February 29, 2016). “Beyond the Hashtags” (PDF). Center for Media and Social Impact. p. 9. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
            Fletcher Jr., Bill (September 25, 2015). “From Hashtag to Strategy: The Growing Pains of Black Lives Matter”. In These Times. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
            Cobb, Jelani (March 14, 2016). “The Matter of Black Lives”. The New Yorker. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
            Collins, Ben (August 15, 2015). “Who Really Runs #BlackLivesMatter?”. The Daily Beast. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
            Bernard, Jephie (April 1, 2016). “Black Lives Matter: the movement, the organization, and how journalists get it wrong”. Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
            Pearce, Matt (October 20, 2015). “Why the term ‘Black Lives Matter’ can be so confusing”. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
            “Black Lives Matter: Guiding Principles”. Black Lives Matter. Archived from the original on October 4, 2015. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
            Naasel, Kenrya Rankin (July 20, 2016). “Why It’s Dangerous to Lump All Black Activists Under the ‘Black Lives Matter’ Banner”. ColorLines. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
            “About Us”. Movement for Black Lives. Archived from the original on May 2, 2019. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
            Maloney, Alli (September 29, 2015). “When police turn violent, activists Brittany Packnett and Johnetta Elzie push back”. The New York Times. Women in the World. Archived from the original on December 19, 2016. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
            Eligon, John (November 18, 2015). “One Slogan, Many Methods: Black Lives Matter Enters Politics”. The New York Times. Retrieved July 12, 2016.
            Linscott, Charles “Chip” P. (2017). “Introduction: #BlackLivesMatter and the Mediatic Lives of a Movement”. Black Camera. 8 (2): 75–80. doi:10.2979/blackcamera.8.2.04. ISSN 1536-3155.
            Vogel, Kenneth P.; Wheaton, Sarah (November 13, 2015). “Major donors consider funding Black Lives Matter”. Politico. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
            Kelly-Green, Brook; Yasui, Luna (July 19, 2016). “Why black lives matter to philanthropy”. fordfoundation.org. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
            McGirt, Ellen (August 9, 2016). “Who Is Funding Black Lives Matter: Ford Foundation”. Fortune. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
            LaCapria, Kim (September 26, 2016). “Ford Motors Funds Black Lives Matter”. snopes.com. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
            Richardson, Valerie (August 16, 2016). “Black Lives Matter cashes in with $100 million from liberal foundations”. The Washington Times. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
            Mikkelson, David (January 22, 2015). “Did George Soros Fund Ferguson Protests and Black Lives Matter?”. snopes.com. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
            “Slavery reparations sought in first Black Lives Matter agenda”. Reuters. August 2, 2016. Retrieved June 3, 2020.
            “Black Lives Matter Releases Policy Demands, Includes Reparations And Abolishing The Death Penalty”. The Center for Popular Democracy. August 1, 2016. Retrieved June 3, 2020.
            Ruffin II, Herbert G. (August 23, 2015). “Black Lives Matter: The Growth of a New Social Justice Movement”. BlackPast.org. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
            McKitterick, Molly (August 12, 2015). “Frustration Lies Behind ‘Black Lives Matter'”. VOA. Archived from the original on November 19, 2015. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
            R.L.G. (January 15, 2015). “Johnson: Words of the year (#BlackLivesMatter)”. The Economist. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
            McCulloch, Gretchen (January 29, 2015). “Is a hashtag a word? The case of #BlackLivesMatter”. Slate. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
            Weedston, Lindsey (December 19, 2014). “12 Hashtags That Changed the World in 2014”. Yes! Magazine. Retrieved October 24, 2015.
            Anderson, Monica; Toor, Skye; Raine, Lee; Smith, Aaron (July 11, 2018). “2. An analysis of #BlackLivesMatter and other Twitter hashtags related to political or social issues”. Pew Research Center: Internet, Science & Tech. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
            Anderson, Monica; Barthel, Michael; Perrin, Andrew; Vogels, Emily A. (June 10, 2020). “#BlackLivesMatter surges on Twitter after George Floyd’s death”. Pew Research Center. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
            Anderson, Monica (August 15, 2016). “4. Major recent events bring #BlackLivesMatter back to the forefront as the tone shifts overnight”. Pew Research Center: Internet, Science & Tech. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
            White, Khadijah (Summer 2016). “Black Lives on Campuses Matter: The Rise of the New Black Student Movement”. Soundings (63): 86–97. doi:10.3898/136266216819377002. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
            Harrison, Stephen (June 9, 2020). “How Wikipedia Became a Battleground for Racial Justice”. Slate. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
            Tucker, Bryan; Hegg, Stephen (October 22, 2015). “Tactics of Black Lives Matter”. IN Close. Episode 216. KCTS-TV. Archived from the original on November 2, 2015. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
            “‘Black Lives Matter’ builds power through protest”. The Rachel Maddow Show. August 10, 2015. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
            Gottfried, Mara H.; Eccher, Marino (October 3, 2015). “Black Lives Matter’s Twin Cities Marathon protest peaceful”. St. Paul Pioneer Press. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
            “Department of Justice Report Regarding the Criminal Investigation into the Shooting Death of Michael Brown by Ferguson, Missouri Police Officer Darren Wilson” (PDF). U.S. Department of Justice. March 4, 2015. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
            Kim, Grace Ji-Sun; Jackson, Jesse (December 18, 2014). “‘I Can’t Breathe’: Eric Garner’s Last Words Symbolize Our Predicament”. HuffPost. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
            Zimmer, Ben (December 15, 2014). “The Linguistic Power of the Protest Phrase ‘I Can’t Breathe'”. Wired. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
            Phillip, Abby (December 11, 2014). “Protesting racial injustice while white”. The Washington Post. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
            Michael Holden & Dylan Martinez (June 2, 2020). “‘No justice, no peace’: Tens of thousands in London protest death of Floyd”. Reuters.
            Palmer, Nathan (August 19, 2015). “‘No Justice, No Peace’: Black Lives Matter & Bernie Sanders”. Sociology in Focus. Archived from the original on January 28, 2017. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
            Fretland, Katie; Connolly, Daniel (July 8, 2016). “Protest against police violence, vigil for reconciliation held in Memphis”. The Commercial Appeal. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
            Williamson, Vanessa; Trump, Kris-Stella; Einstein, Katherine Levine (2018). “Black Lives Matter: Evidence that Police-Caused Deaths Predict Protest Activity”. Perspectives on Politics. 16 (2): 400–415. doi:10.1017/S1537592717004273. ISSN 1537-5927.
            Day, Elizabeth (July 19, 2015). “#BlackLivesMatter: the birth of a new civil rights movement”. The Observer. ISSN 0029-7712. Retrieved June 18, 2020.
            Al-Heeti, Abrar. “Black Lives Matter: Netflix movies, TV shows and books that touch on systemic racism”. CNET. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
            “Messenger King: Michael Jackson and the politics of #BlackLivesMatter”.
            Harris, Aisha (August 3, 2015). “Has Kendrick Lamar Recorded the New Black National Anthem?”. Slate. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
            “About”. Black Lives Matter. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
            “Arts+Culture”. Black Lives Matter. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
            Workneh, Lilly (May 16, 2016). “Jesse Williams Wants You To ‘Stay Woke’ In New Film On Black Lives Matter”. HuffPost. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
            Akindele, Toni (May 16, 2016). “Jesse Williams Chronicles ‘Black Lives Matter’ Movement in Powerful Documentary”. Essence. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
            Callahan, Yesha. “Essence Dedicates February Cover to #BlackLivesMatter”. The Root. Archived from the original on December 24, 2015. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
            Botelho, Greg; Tim Hume (December 9, 2015). “TIME names German leader Angela Merkel its Person of the Year”. CNN. Retrieved December 9, 2015.
            Wilson, Mark (June 18, 2020). “Can art change the world? Inside the debate raging over Black Lives Matter murals”. Retrieved June 18, 2020.
            “”Black Lives Matter” street painting project underway in Birmingham”. WVTM 13. June 17, 2020. Retrieved June 18, 2020.
            New Ferguson Police Chief Sworn In, The New York Times, May 9, 2016.
            “Police Use of Nonfatal Force, 2002-11” (PDF). Bureau of Justice Statistics. November 2015.
            “Fatal Force: Police shootings database”. The Washington Post. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
            “People shot to death by U.S. police, by race 2020”. Statista. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
            “Is There Evidence of Racial Disparity in Police Use of Deadly Force? Analyses of Officer-Involved Fatal Shootings in 2015–2016”. Social Psychological and Personality Science. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
            “Racial Disparities in Police Use of Deadly Force Against Unarmed Individuals Persist After Appropriately Benchmarking Shooting Data on Violent Crime Rates”. Social Psychological and Personality Science. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
            Fryer, Roland. “An Empirical Analysis of Racial Differences in Police Use of Force”. Journal of Political Economy.
            Ross, Cody T. (November 5, 2015). “A Multi-Level Bayesian Analysis of Racial Bias in Police Shootings at the County-Level in the United States, 2011–2014”. PLOS ONE. 10 (11): e0141854. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0141854 – via PLoS Journals.
            Ross, Cody T.; Winterhalder, Bruce; McElreath, Richard (June 5, 2018). “Resolution of apparent paradoxes in the race-specific frequency of use-of-force by police”. Palgrave Communications. 4 (1): 1–9. doi:10.1057/s41599-018-0110-z. ISSN 2055-1045.
            Clayton, Aubrey (June 11, 2020). “The statistical paradox of police killings”. The Boston Globe. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
            “Trump is calling protesters who disagree with him terrorists. That puts him in the company of the world’s autocrats”. CNN. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
            “Black Lives Matter (BLM)”. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
            Williams, Yohuru (April 29, 2015). “You’re Nobody ‘Till Somebody Kills You: Baltimore, Freddie Gray and the Problem of History”. HuffPost. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
            Solomon, Akiba (September 5, 2014). “Get on the Bus: Inside the Black Lives Matter ‘Freedom Ride’ to Ferguson”. ColorLines. Archived from the original on February 23, 2015. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
            Moore, Darnell L.; Cullors, Patrisse (September 4, 2014). “5 ways to never forget Ferguson – and deliver real justice for Michael Brown”. The Guardian. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
            Thrasher, Steven W. (March 13, 2015). “What next for Black Lives Matter in Ferguson after city’s police shooting?”. The Guardian. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
            Grad, Shelby (October 20, 2015). “How Black Lives Matter became a thorn in the side of L.A. leaders”. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
            Prupis, Nadia (February 10, 2015). “NYPD Officer Indicted in Shooting of Akai Gurley: Reports”. Common Dreams. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
            Serna, Josef (November 28, 2014). “Bay Area train service restored after Ferguson protest shutdown”. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 7, 2016.
            “14 Ferguson Activists Arrested After Demonstration Shuts Down Transbay BART”. CBS San Francisco. November 28, 2014. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
            Fields, Liz (April 10, 2015). “After Walter Scott Killing, Black Lives Matter Movement Calls For Citizen Oversight of Police”. Vice News. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
            “Activists Blast NYPD Attempts to Silence Movement for Change”. Black Lives Matter. December 23, 2014. Archived from the original on December 26, 2014. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
            Reinan, John (July 4, 2015). “Black Lives Matter protesters question ‘intertwined’ relationship between Mall of America and Bloomington”. Star Tribune. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
            Brumfield, Ben (December 21, 2014). “Protesters’ chants of ‘Black Lives Matter’ echo at megamall; at least 20 arrested”. CNN. Retrieved December 21, 2014.
            Linscott, Charles “Chip” P. (2017). “All Lives (Don’t) Matter: The Internet Meets Afro-Pessimism and Black Optimism”. Black Camera. 8 (2): 104–119. doi:10.2979/blackcamera.8.2.06. ISSN 1536-3155.
            Seigle, Max (December 14, 2014). “Many participate in ‘Black Lives Matter’ rally downtown”. WISN-TV. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
            Wallace, Lewis (March 30, 2015). “Dayton ‘Black Lives Matter’ protesters to appear in court today”. WKSU. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
            Anderson, Michelle D. (December 13, 2014). “Muskegon-area churches to participate in ‘Black Lives Matter’ movement on Sunday”. Muskegon Chronicle. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
            Skinner, Curtis (November 24, 2015). “Black Lives Matter protesters sue over treatment by California police”. Yahoo! News. Reuters. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
            “Black Lives Matter (BLM)”. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
            Ford, Lynne E.; Bardes, Barbara A.; Schmidt, Steffen W.; Shelley, Mack C. (2017–2018). American Government and Politics Today, 2017-2018 Edition. Boston: Cengage Learning. pp. 172–173. ISBN 978-1-337-09322-4.
            Wisniewski, Mary (March 24, 2015). “Three arrested as Chicago protesters demand police reforms”. Reuters. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
            Rocha, Veronica (April 15, 2015). “LAPD arrests 14 protesters after #BlackLivesMatter demonstration”. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
            Hagen, Sarah. “Peaceful ‘Black Lives Matter’ protest in Tampa”. 10 News. Archived from the original on February 17, 2016. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
            Norfleet, Nicole. “Twin Cities students walk out of schools to join Black Lives Matter protest”. Star Tribune. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
            Fields, Liz (April 10, 2015). “After Walter Scott Killing, Black Lives Matter Movement Calls For Citizen Oversight of Police”. Vice News. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
            Mandaro, Laura; Guynn, Jessica. “Naked protesters gather in San Francisco for ‘Black Lives Matter'”. USA Today. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
            Ellis, Ralph; McLaughlin, Elliott (May 25, 2015). “Cleveland protesters appear in court”. CNN. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
            Spicuzza, Mary; Glauber, Bill. “Madison DA decides no charges warranted in Robinson shooting”. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
            “Black Lives Matter: Charleston Shooting Was an Act of Terror”. TeleSUR. June 20, 2015. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
            Zukic, Rialda (June 21, 2015). “Hundreds march in solidarity in Charleston after church shooting”. PBS Newshour. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
            Kettmann, Kayla (June 19, 2015). “UC Berkeley’s Black Student Union holds vigil, protest for Charleston victims”. Daily Californian. dailycal.org.
            “Organizers says 20,000 joined Bridge to Peace march on Ravenel Bridge”. abcnews4.com. June 21, 2015. Retrieved November 2, 2015.
            “Robert E. Lee Monument In VA. Vandalized With ‘Black Lives Matter'”. ABC 7. July 2015. Retrieved November 2, 2015.
            “‘Black Lives Matter’ spray painted on New Orleans monument”. Fox 8. Retrieved November 2, 2015.
            “McKinney video: Protest over Texas pool party policing”. BBC News. June 9, 2015. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
            Rhodes, Dawn. “More Sandra Bland footage released; protest held in downtown Chicago”. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved November 1, 2015.
            “Groups in Texas hold vigil, protest in jail death of Sandra Bland”. Toronto Sun. July 27, 2015. Retrieved November 1, 2015.
            Fuller, Courtis (July 30, 2015). “Black Lives Matter stages rally after murder indictment against UC officer”. wlwt.com. Retrieved November 1, 2015.
            “United States: Thousands march against racism, police brutality in New Jersey”. Green Left Weekly. August 7, 2015. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
            Chin, Alan (July 28, 2015). “Another reason to question whether black lives matter in Mississippi”. Reuters. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
            Dodrill, Tara. “Mississippi Town Protests Death of Black Man by White Cop”. Inquisitir. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
            Stein, Perry. “Black Lives Matter organizers hold rally in D.C. for black trans women”. The Washington Post. Retrieved November 1, 2015.
            “2 arrested after Kerrick trial protests take violent turn”. wcnc.com. Archived from the original on November 4, 2015. Retrieved November 1, 2015.
            Chang, David. “Janelle Monae, Jidenna March Through Philly”. NBC Philadelphia. Retrieved November 1, 2015.
            “Ferguson protesters, police gather on West Florissant Avenue; state of emergency declared in county”. St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved November 1, 2015.
            Wilson, Simone (August 9, 2015). “Hundreds of #BlackLivesMatter Protesters March on Downtown Brooklyn”. patch.com. Retrieved November 1, 2015.
            Baddour, Dylan (September 24, 2015). “Black Lives Matter protest shut down by police in Austin, Texas”. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved November 1, 2015.
            Hedgpeth, Dana. “Views from Baltimore as protesters rally in Freddie Gray case”. The Washington Post. Retrieved November 1, 2015.
            Pedroncelli, Rich. “Black Lives Matter protesters rally to back Senate bill increasing police oversight”. ocregister.com. Associated Press. Retrieved November 1, 2015.
            Jaeger, Kyle (September 24, 2015). “Jeremy McDole Was Shot and Killed by Delaware Police”. Attn.
            Walk-Morris, Tatiana. “Black Lives Matter activists arrested during protest of police chiefs conference”. Chicago Reader. Retrieved October 28, 2015.
            Shaker, Nadeen (October 21, 2015). “”This injustice has taken genocidal proportions”: Why Cornel West and Carl Dix are rising up against police brutality”. Salon. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
            “Voices of Rise Up October: Quentin Tarantino, Cornel West, Victims’ Families Decry Police Violence”. Democracy Now. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
            “51 arrested in protests after black man shot by Minneapolis police”. USA Today. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
            Forliti, Amy (November 19, 2015). “Minneapolis police, protesters clash at 4th Precinct”. Saint Paul Pioneer Press. Saint Paul. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
            Keller, Bill (November 24, 2015). “SUV rams 4th Precinct gate, 2 arrested for Jamar Clark vandalism”. Fox 9 News. Minneapolis. Archived from the original on July 7, 2016. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
            Smith, Mary Ann (November 24, 2015). “Five people were shot near Black Lives Matter protest site”. The Minneapolis Star Tribune. Minneapolis. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
            Smith, Mary Lynn (November 24, 2015). “Five people were shot near Black Lives Matter protest site”. Star Tribune. Minneapolis. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
            Silverstein, Jason (November 24, 2015). “Five people shot at Minneapolis Black Lives Matter protest”. Daily News. New York. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
            “Two men arrested in shooting of Black Lives Matter protesters in Minneapolis”. The Washington Post. November 24, 2015. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
            Jany, Libor; Chanen, David (November 25, 2015). “3 men in custody, 1 released in Minneapolis 4th Precinct protest shooting”. Star Tribune. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
            “Minnesota Man Gets 15 Years for Shooting 5 Black Lives Matter Protesters”. CBS News. April 27, 2017. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
            Helm, Angela (April 29, 2017). “Man Gets 15 Years for Shooting 5 BLM Activists Protesting Police Shooting Death of Jamar Clark”. The Root. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
            Lopez, German (November 25, 2015). “The Chicago police shooting of Laquan McDonald, explained”. Vox. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
            O, Janet (January 30, 2016). “HUNDREDS MARCH IN SF TO PROTEST SFPD’S FATAL SHOOTING OF MARIO WOODS”. ABC7. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
            Saxon-Parrish, Shani (January 15, 2016). “The Movement for Black Lives Is Urging You to #ReclaimMLK This Weekend”. Colorlines. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
            Alberty, Erin; Michael McFall (March 2, 2016). “Police investigate SLC shooting; protesters flood downtown streets (video)”. Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
            Pena, Marina (June 7, 2016). “Hundreds protest sentencing of Black Lives Matter activist in Pasadena”. Pasadena Star News. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
            Brennan, Christopher (July 5, 2016). “Alton Sterling shot, killed by Louisiana cops during struggle after he was selling music outside Baton Rouge store”. Daily News. New York. Retrieved July 5, 2016.
            Jacobo, Julia (July 6, 2016). “Baton Rouge Police Shooting: Alton Sterling’s Aunt Says She Wants ‘Justice’ at Vigil”. ABC News. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
            Chappell, Bill (July 7, 2016). “Police Stop Ends in Black Man’s Death; Aftermath Is Live-Streamed on Facebook”. NPR. Retrieved July 7, 2016.
            “Philando Castile death: Aftermath of police shooting streamed live”. BBC News. July 7, 2016. Retrieved July 7, 2016.
            Pheifer, Pat; Peck, Claude (July 7, 2016). “Aftermath of fatal Falcon Heights officer-involved shooting captured on video”. Star Tribune. Retrieved July 7, 2016.
            Sanburn, Josh (July 10, 2016). “Black Lives Matter Leader Condemns Violence at St. Paul Protest”. Time. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
            Achenbach, Joel; William Wan; Mark Berman; Moriah Balingit (July 8, 2016). “Five Dallas police officers were killed by a lone attacker, authorities say”. The Washington Post. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
            Bromwich, Patrick Mcgee, Manny Fernandez, Jonah Engel; Pérez-peña, Richard (July 8, 2016). “Dallas Shooting Suspect, Micah Johnson, ‘Upset at White People'”. The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
            Mekelburg, Madlin (July 8, 2016). “Dan Patrick Blames Black Lives Matter Movement for Dallas Shooting”. The Texas Tribune. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
            “Texas Lt. Gov. Patrick on Dallas ambush: ‘This has to end'”. Fox News Channel. July 8, 2016. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
            “Black Lives Matter condemns Dallas, pushes forward with protests”. CBS News. July 8, 2016. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
            Kaleem, Jaweed; Evan Halper (July 8, 2016). “Dallas police shootings could create unwelcome tensions for Black Lives Matter movement and its allies”. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
            “The Black Lives Matter Network advocates for dignity, justice, and respectBlack Lives Matter”. blacklivesmatter.com. Archived from the original on July 9, 2016. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
            Bruton, F. Brinley; Chirbas, Kurt; The Associated Press (July 9, 2016). “More Than 100 Arrested at Baton Rouge, Rochester Black Lives Matter Protests”. NBC News. Retrieved July 14, 2016. After more than 100 people were arrested in a flurry of nationwide protests Friday night, police departments were preparing for another round of demonstrations Saturday demanding justice after the shootings this week of black men by cops.
            Lee, Jasmine C., Iaryna Mykhyalshyn, Rudy Omri and Anjali Singhvi, “At Least 88 Cities Have Had Protests in the Past 13 Days Over Police Killings of Blacks”. The New York Times. July 16, 2016.
            Harrison, Lily (July 13, 2016). “LeBron James, Carmelo Anthony, Chris Paul and Dwyane Wade Open 2016 ESPYs With Powerful Black Lives Matter Message”. E!. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
            Ricke, Claire (July 26, 2016). “Black Lives Matter marks anniversary of Larry Jackson, Jr.’s death”. KXAN. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
            Crepeau, Megan; Marwa Eltagouri; Patricia Callahan; Annie Sweeney (July 30, 2016). “3rd cop loses police powers; autopsy shows man shot in South Shore died from wound to back”. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
            Nitkn, Alex. “Hundreds Block Downtown Streets To Protest Police Killing Of Paul O’Neal”. DNA Info. Archived from the original on September 23, 2016. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
            Lartey, Jamiles (August 2, 2016). “Black woman shot dead by police during alleged standoff while holding son”. The Guardian.
            Campbell, Colin. “Maryland FOP conference opens to protests in Baltimore”. The Baltimore Sun. August 15, 2016.
            Morrow, Christian (July 28, 2016). “Black Lives Matter rally highlights Kelley Jr. shooting”. Pittsburgh Courier. Archived from the original on January 27, 2017. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
            Sandritter, Mark (September 11, 2016). “A timeline of Colin Kaepernick’s national anthem protest and the NFL players who joined him”. SB Nation. Retrieved September 20, 2016.
            Wyche, Steve (August 27, 2016). “Colin Kaepernick explains why he sat during national anthem”. National Football League. Retrieved August 27, 2016.
            Allen, Nick (September 18, 2016). “Colin Kaepernick: NFL Black Lives Matter protests recall rebellious spirit of 1960s sporting greats”. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
            Katch, Danny; Zirin, Dave (September 25, 2016). “From the Raised Fist to the Bended Knee | Jacobin”. Jacobin. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
            Johnson, Jason (August 29, 2016). “Colin Kaepernick Shows #BlackLivesMatter Even When His Career May Not”. theroot.com. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
            “One person shot during violent Charlotte protest; officer hurt”. CNN.
            “Local News – WBTV, Channel 3 News, Weather, Traffic – | WBTV Charlotte”. http://www.wbtv.com.
            Salinger, Tobias (September 19, 2016). “Video released in fatal police shooting of unarmed Oklahoma man Terence Crutcher (WARNING – GRAPHIC)”. Daily News. New York. Retrieved September 19, 2016.
            Marusak, Joe; Ely Portillo; Mark Price; Adam Bell (September 20, 2016). “Charlotte faces aftermath of protests ignited by fatal police shooting; 16 officers injured”. The Charlotte Observer.
            Chokshi, Niraj; Bromwich, Jonah Engel (September 28, 2016). “Demonstrators Protest Fatal Police Shooting of a Black Man in El Cajon, Calif”. The New York Times. Retrieved December 24, 2016.
            Tometi, Opal; Lipscombe, Carl (October 18, 2016). “What the Shooting of Alfred Olango Says About the State of Black Refugees in the U.S.” Time. Retrieved December 24, 2016.
            Lord, Jo (February 23, 2017). “Art Gallery: “Black Lives Matter” art show at First Unitarian Universalist Church” (with color photo of “Comin’ After Me” by Jennifer Yane). Richmond Times-Dispatch. p. E4. Retrieved February 23, 2017. ‘Black Lives Matter’ exhibit examines racial equality and justice through art
            “Black History Month at VCU aims to spark dialogue, celebrate black excellence”. news.vcu.edu.
            “Sue Robinson”. Archived from the original on February 28, 2017. Retrieved February 27, 2017.
            Sawyer, Ariana; Tamburin, Adam; Wadhwani, Anita (May 11, 2017). “Jocques Clemmons’ family, community leaders call for officer’s firing”. The Tennessean. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
            Sawyer, Ariana Maia (May 12, 2017). “Justice for Jocques Coalition demonstrates outside Nashville mayor’s home”. The Tennessean. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
            “Silent march for Jocques Clemmons ends at Nashville mayor’s home”. WKRN-TV. May 12, 2017. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
            Wright, Wesley (October 6, 2017). “William and Mary students protest ACLU speaker, white supremacy”. The Virginia Gazette. Retrieved October 21, 2017.
            Bauer-Wolf, Jeremy (October 5, 2017). “ACLU Speaker Shouted Down at William & Mary”. Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
            Bauer-Wolf, Jeremy (October 6, 2017). “Free speech advocate silenced”. Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved October 21, 2017.
            1000 Blanton Ave., Richmond Museum District Va; location!, Be the first to review this. “Second Annual Black Lives Matter Art Show”. Style Weekly. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
            O’Sullivan, Donie (2018). “The biggest Black Lives Matter page on Facebook is fake”. CNNMoney. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
            McGowan, Michael (April 10, 2018). “Fake Black Lives Matter Facebook page run by Australian union official – report”. The Guardian. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
            “Australian union official linked to fake Black Lives Matter page suspended”. ABC News (Australia). April 10, 2018. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
            Desk, Crystal Bonvillian, Cox Media Group National Content. “Ahmaud Arbery: Video emerges of black jogger killed by 2 white men; case heads to grand jury”. KOKI. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
            Fausset, Richard (June 4, 2020). “What We Know About the Shooting Death of Ahmaud Arbery”. The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
            Fausset, Richard (June 24, 2020). “Suspects in Ahmaud Arbery’s Killing Are Indicted on Murder Charges”. The New York Times. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
            News, A. B. C. “‘Somebody shot my girlfriend’: 911 call in police shooting”. ABC News. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
            Wood, Josh (June 6, 2020). “‘She should be with us’: Louisville protesters remember Breonna Taylor”. The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
            Nir, Sarah Maslin (May 27, 2020). “The Bird Watcher, That Incident and His Feelings on the Woman’s Fate”. The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 6, 2020.
            Amir Vera; Laura Ly. “White woman who called police on a black man bird-watching in Central Park has been fired”. CNN. Retrieved June 6, 2020.
            Melanie Schuman; Theresa Waldrop. “Woman who called cops on Black man birdwatching in Central Park faces charges”. CNN. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
            “George Floyd Protests Rage in Cities Across the U.S.” Time. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
            “Map: Protests and rallies for George Floyd spread across the country”. NBC News. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
            “Thousands Protest Across 3 Continents to Honor George Floyd and Support the Black Lives Matter Movement”. Time. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
            Melissa Macaya; Mike Hayes; Fernando Alfonso III; Daniella Diaz; Jessie Yeung; Steve George; Ivana Kottasová; Nick Thompson (May 28, 2020). “George Floyd protests spread nationwide: Live updates”. CNN. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
            “Charges against Derek Chauvin suggest George Floyd’s death was unintended”. NBC News. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
            Hill, Evan; Tiefenthäler, Ainara; Triebert, Christiaan; Jordan, Drew; Willis, Haley; Stein, Robin (May 31, 2020). “8 Minutes and 46 Seconds: How George Floyd Was Killed in Police Custody”. The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
            Waldrop, Theresa. “The charges against the four officers involved in George Floyd’s death, explained”. CNN. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
            Benazir Wehelie; Amy Woodyatt. “‘I can’t breathe’: Hundreds lie down in protest”. CNN. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
            “Black Lives Matter Rally & Protest Update Justice for George Floyd”. EMEA Tribune News | Pakistan News | India News | Europe News | World News. May 30, 2020. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
            Fortier-Bensen, Tony (May 29, 2020). “Black Lives Matter rally for George Floyd on Saturday at Marion Square”. WCIV. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
            “Photos: The signs and art of the George Floyd protests”. The Mercury News. June 4, 2020. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
            Christina Maxouris; Dakin Andone. “More cities are lifting curfews as Black Lives Matter protests continue for the 13th day”. CNN. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
            Andrew, Scottie. “There’s a growing call to defund the police. Here’s what it means”. CNN. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
            Wu, Nicholas (June 5, 2020). “DC Renames Street near White House ‘Black Lives Matter Plaza’ to Honor George Floyd Protests”. USA Today. Archived from the original on June 5, 2020.
            Solender, Andrew. “Minneapolis Votes To Disband Police Department”. Forbes. Retrieved June 8, 2020.
            Jacobson, Don (July 20, 2020). “National ‘Strike for Black Lives’ to fight racism, low wages”. United Press International. News World Communications. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
            “PBS NewsHour/Marist Poll Summary of National Findings” (PDF). Marist College Institute for Public Opinion. September 2015. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
            May, Ashley (July 13, 2016). “#AllLivesMatter hashtag is racist, critics say”. USA Today. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
            Townes, Carimah. “Obama Explains The Problem With ‘All Lives Matter'”. think progress. Archived from the original on August 5, 2016. Retrieved August 6, 2016.
            “‘Blue Lives Matter’ trends after officers shot”. BBC. Retrieved July 27, 2015.
            Jennings, Angel (October 30, 2015). “Longtime L.A. civil rights leaders dismayed by in-your-face tactics of new crop of activists”. Los Angeles Times.
            Reynolds, Barbara (August 24, 2015). “I was a civil rights activist in the 1960s. But it’s hard for me to get behind Black Lives Matter”. The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved September 17, 2015.
            Paul, Kari (July 12, 2020). “Real change or symbolism? What Silicon Valley is – and isn’t – doing to support Black Lives Matter”. The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
            McKenzie, Sheena. “Black Lives Matter protests spread to Europe”. CNN. Retrieved August 7, 2016.
            Beydoun, Khaled. “Baltimore and the emergence of a Black Spring”. Al Jazeera. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
            Khan, Janaya. “Black Lives Matter Has Become a Global Movement”. Common Dreams. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
            Paul, Sonia (November 8, 2015). “From Black Lives Matter, activists for India’s discriminated Dalits learn tactics to press for dignity”. Public Radio International. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
            Klippmark, Pauline; Crawley, Karen (October 16, 2017). “Justice for Ms Dhu: Accounting for Indigenous Deaths in Custody in Australia”. Social & Legal Studies: 1–21. doi:10.1177/0964663917734415.
            Blue, Ethan (September 27, 2016). “Seeing Ms. Dhu: inquest, conquest, and (in)visibility in black women’s deaths in custody”. Settler Colonial Studies. 7 (3): 299–320. doi:10.1080/2201473X.2016.1229294.
            “#BlackLivesMatter hits Australia”. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. July 17, 2016.
            Wahlquist, Calla (May 22, 2017). “Black Lives Matter awarded 2017 Sydney peace prize”. The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved May 23, 2017.
            Allam, Lorena; Wahlquist, Calla; Evershed, Nick (June 5, 2020). “Aboriginal deaths in custody: 434 have died since 1991, new data shows”. The Guardian. Retrieved June 18, 2020.
            Miller, Adam. “Black Lives Matter protesters shut down section of Allen Expressway”. globalnews.ca. Global News. Retrieved November 1, 2015.
            Donato, Al. “Black Lives Matter Takes Back The Night And Shuts Down Downtown Toronto”. Huff Post. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
            “Black Lives Matter versus Pride Toronto”. Now, July 12, 2016.
            Goffin, Peter (September 20, 2016). “An Apologetic Pride Toronto gets rejected”. Retrieved September 20, 2016.
            “Pride organizer says he has not agreed to exclude police floats from parade”. CP24, July 4, 2016.
            “Black Lives Matter protesters hit SIU headquarters”. Toronto Star. August 24, 2016.
            “Black Lives Matter, racism against Indigenous Canadians backdrop for N.L. diversity summit”. CBC. June 25, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
            Maggrah, Julianna (June 8, 2020). “Black Lives Matter protests also affect Indigenous people”. Prince Albert Daily Herald. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
            Bridges, Alicia (June 16, 2020). “Q&A: Founder of Black Lives Matter in Canada explains the call to defund police”. CBC. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
            Adjekum, Sarah (June 10, 2020). “Indigenous and Black people in Canada share social exclusion and collective outrage”. National Observer. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
            Wang, Laura Friis; Drivsholm, Louise Schou (June 11, 2020). “En ny shitstorm har skabt forvirring om, hvad Black Lives Matter Denmark står for – historien om bevægelsen begynder i 2016” [A new shitstorm have created confusion about what Black Lives Matter Denmark stands for – the story of the movement starts in 2016]. Information (in Danish). Retrieved June 21, 2020.
            Broberg, Mads Bonde; Jensen, Kaare Kronberg (June 17, 2020). “Black Lives Matter får en midtsøgende konkurrent” [Black Lives Matter gets a moderate competitor]. Jyllands-Posten (in Danish). Retrieved June 21, 2020.
            “Chapters – Black Lives Matter”. Black Lives Matter. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
            Hagemann-Nielsen, Frederik (June 10, 2020). “Kritikken hagler ned over Black Lives Matter-talskvinde: Bevægelsen bliver forplumret med hendes budskaber” [Criticism raining down on Black Lives Matter spokeswoman: The movement is muddled by her messages]. DR (in Danish). Retrieved June 21, 2020.
            Macaraig, Ayee (June 15, 2020). “Criticism raining down on BLM Denmark spokesperson”. The Copenhagen Post. Retrieved June 21, 2020.
            Bostrup, Jens (June 9, 2020). “Black Lives Matter i Danmark i voldsomt angreb: Amnesty International er en helt, helt hvid organisation” [Black Lives Matter in Denmark attacks: Amnesty International is a completely white organization]. Politiken (in Danish). Retrieved June 21, 2020.
            Sinnbeck, Peter (June 10, 2020). “Black Lives Matter Denmark indsamler penge ulovligt: “Det er sådan, civil ulydighed ser ud!”” [Black Lives Matter Denmark raises money illegally: “This is how civil disobedience looks!”]. Radio4 (in Danish). Retrieved June 21, 2020.
            Bostrup, Jens (June 10, 2020). “Bwalya Sørensen frastøder mange, men har også en anden side” [Bwalya Sørensen repel many, but also have another side]. Politiken (in Danish). Retrieved June 21, 2020.
            Dam, Philip Sune (June 17, 2020). “Ny organisation om Black Lives Matter Denmark: Lederskabet er ikke professionelt nok” [New organization on Black Lives Matter Denmark: The leadership is not professional enough.]. Berlingske (in Danish). Retrieved June 21, 2020.
            “Protesters take to streets of France, Germany over police brutality”. Deutsche Welle. July 18, 2020. Retrieved July 18, 2020.
            “George Floyd killing spurs fresh protests across Europe”. DW.COM. June 6, 2020. Retrieved June 6, 2020.
            Takahashi, Ryusei; Johnston, Eric (June 7, 2020). “Protesters hit Tokyo and Osaka streets with rallies against racism and police brutality”. The Japan Times. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
            Takahashi, Ryusei (June 14, 2020). “Black Lives Matter spreads to Tokyo as 3,500 people march to protest racism”. The Japan Times. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
            “New Zealand protests live: Protester ties himself to US Embassy in Wellington”. New Zealand Herald. June 1, 2020. Archived from the original on June 1, 2020. Retrieved June 1, 2020.
            Block, George; Kenny, Lee; Flahive, Brad; Piper, Denise (June 1, 2020). “Black Lives Matter marches: Thousands of Kiwis peacefully protest against racism”. Stuff. Archived from the original on June 1, 2020. Retrieved June 1, 2020.
            Miller, Grant (June 1, 2020). “Dunedin crowd joins global protest”. Otago Daily Times. Archived from the original on June 1, 2020. Retrieved June 1, 2020.
            “Black Lives Matter protest in downtown Tauranga”. SunLive. June 1, 2020. Archived from the original on June 2, 2020. Retrieved June 1, 2020.
            Junn, Jihee (June 2, 2020). “In pictures: The Black Lives Matter solidarity march, Auckland”. The Spinoff. Archived from the original on June 2, 2020. Retrieved June 2, 2020.
            Roy, Eleanor (June 2, 2020). “Thousands in New Zealand protest against George Floyd killing”. The Guardian. Archived from the original on June 2, 2020. Retrieved June 2, 2020.
            “Black Lives Matter protesters close London City Airport runway”. BBC News. September 6, 2016. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
            Weaver, Matthew; Grierson, Jamie (September 6, 2016). “Black Lives Matter protest stops flights at London City airport”. The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
            McKenzie, Sheena (August 5, 2016). “Black Lives Matter blocks London’s Heathrow Airport”. CNN.
            Parker, Fiona (June 25, 2017). “Riot police deployed to ‘Justice for Edson’ protest as fires started”. Metro. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
            “Demonstrators confront police in east London over Da Costa death”. The Guardian. June 26, 2017. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
            “An open letter to Extinction Rebellion”. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
            “Thousands join UK protests over George Floyd death”. BBC News. May 31, 2020. Retrieved June 5, 2020.
            Gayle, Damien (October 22, 2018). “Police officers sacked for lying about arrest where man’s neck was broken”. The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved June 5, 2020.
            “Station worker’s death ‘not linked to spit attack'”. BBC News. May 29, 2020. Retrieved June 5, 2020.
            “Student ‘struck by police baton’ before death”. BBC News. July 8, 2019. Retrieved June 5, 2020.
            “Jury concludes unnecessary delays and failures in care contributed to death of Sarah Reed at Holloway prison”. Inquest. Retrieved June 5, 2020.
            “Some 135 arrests made across around 200 UK Black Lives Matter protests”. ITV News.
            “WATCH: Toppled Edward Colston statue dumped in harbour”. Bristol Post. June 7, 2020. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
            “Johnson urges peaceful struggle against racism”. June 9, 2020 – via http://www.bbc.co.uk.
            O’Flynn, Patrick (June 8, 2020). “Cowed and cowardly ministers must stop appeasing far-Left extremists” – via http://www.telegraph.co.uk.
            Adam, Karla. “Britons cheer toppling of slave trader statue but are divided over tagging of Winston Churchill as racist”. The Washington Post.
            “Police call for apology from bosses after 49 officers injured during anti-racism protests”. Sky News.
            “Boris Johnson urges peaceful struggle against racism but says violent demonstrators will ‘face full force of the law'”. ITV News.
            “Protest to ‘voice our pain, not damage property'”. BBC News. June 14, 2020. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
            “Powerful pictures from the Black Lives Matter protest in Leeds”. http://www.yorkshireeveningpost.co.uk. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
            “Park protest calls for end to ‘systemic racism'”. BBC News. June 21, 2020. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
            “Black Lives Matter: Raab criticised over ‘Game of Thrones’ comment”. BBC News. June 18, 2020. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
            Walker, Peter (June 18, 2020). “Dominic Raab criticised for comments on BLM protesters taking the knee”. The Guardian. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
            Stone, Jon (June 19, 2020). “Dominic Raab says he would only take the knee for Queen or his wife”. The Independent. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
            Kinnock, Neil (June 18, 2020). “Raab is wrong about taking the knee”. The Guardian. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
            Swerling, Gabriella (June 28, 2020). “Jewish groups speak out after Black Lives Matter claims politicians are ‘gagged’ from criticising Israel”. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
            “Premier League: Black Lives Matter campaign ‘not endorsement of political movement'”. June 30, 2020. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
            Gardner, Bill; Rumsby, Ben; Lyons, Izzy (July 1, 2020). “Exclusive: BBC bans Black Lives Matters badges on air”. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
            Resnikoff, Ned (July 8, 2015). “Black Lives Matter disrupts Martin O’Malley, Bernie Sanders event”. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
            Moody, Chris (July 19, 2015). “Democrats lose control of presidential event”. CNN. Retrieved August 12, 2015.
            “Protesters drove Bernie Sanders from one Seattle stage. At his next stop, 15,000 people showed”. The Washington Post.
            “Who Really Runs #BlackLivesMatter?”. The Daily Beast.
            Bernie Sanders Interrupted at Seattle Rally by Black Lives Matter Protesters. August 8, 2015 – via YouTube.
            Brunner, Jim. “Black Lives Matter protesters shut down Bernie Sanders; later rally draws 15,000”. The Seattle Times. Retrieved August 9, 2015.
            Ollstein, Alice Miranda (August 10, 2015). “Bernie Sanders’ New Racial Justice Platform Wins Praise From Black Lives Matter Activists”. Think Progress. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
            Lewis, Renee. “Black Lives Matter dismisses criticism over Sanders disruption”. Al Jazeera. Retrieved August 12, 2015.
            Seitz-Wald, Alex. “DNC passes resolution supporting Black Lives Matter”. MSNBC. Retrieved November 1, 2015.
            Flores, Reena. “Democratic debate: Do black lives matter?”. CBS News. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
            Townes, Carimah. “How The Democratic Presidential Candidates Responded To The Black Lives Matter Question”. Think Progress. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
            Vega, Tanzina. “Did Hillary and Bernie connect with black voters?”. CNN. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
            Resnick, Gideon. “Everyone but Jim Webb Says Black Lives Matter”. The Daily Beast. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
            “Hillary Clinton’s brutal frankness to Black Lives Matter reveals her approach to politics”. Vox. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
            “Hillary Clinton’s 3-Word Misstep: ‘All Lives Matter'”. NPR. Retrieved February 16, 2016.
            Rappeport, Alan (June 24, 2016). “Hillary Clinton’s ‘All Lives Matter’ Remark Stirs Backlash”. The New York Times. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
            “The #BlackLivesMatter Network Urges the Democratic National Committee to host a #BlackLivesMatter Themed Presidential Debate” (Press release). #BlackLivesMatter Organization. October 20, 2015. Retrieved December 23, 2015.
            “We Demand a Black Lives Matter Presidential Debate”. salsa4.salsalabs.com. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
            “Press statement on DNC response”. facebook.com/BlackLivesMatter (Press release). Black Lives Matter network. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
            “Mobile Uploads – Black Lives Matter | Facebook”. http://www.facebook.com/BlackLivesMatter. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
            Lowery, Wesley (October 21, 2015). “DNC and RNC won’t add a debate, but give their blessings to Black Lives Matter presidential town hall”. The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
            Merica, Dan. “Hillary Clinton protested by Black Lives Matter”. CNN. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
            Scott, Eugene (February 25, 2016). “Black Lives Matter protesters confront Clinton at a fundraiser”. CNN. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
            Lerner, Kira (August 1, 2015). “Ben Carson Says The ‘Black Lives Matter’ Movement Is ‘Silly'”. Think Progress. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
            Williams, Vanessa. “Carson: Activists should advocate for ‘all black lives, not just a few'”. The Washington Post. Retrieved November 26, 2015.
            Ollstein, Alice. “GOP Debate Spends Less Than A Minute On Police Violence And Black Lives Matter”. Think Progress. Archived from the original on October 21, 2015. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
            “Scott Walker suggested it’s more dangerous to be a cop today. It’s actually much safer”. Vox. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
            “Marco Rubio shows other Republicans how to respond to Black Lives Matter”. Vox. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
            Frasier, Jordan. “‘Black Lives Matter’ Activists Interrupt Jeb Bush Rally”. NBC News. Retrieved August 13, 2015.
            O’Keefe, Ed. “‘Black Lives Matter’ activists, Jeb Bush meet face-to-face”. The Washington Post. Retrieved August 13, 2015.
            “Here Are The Conservative Pundits Branding Black Lives Matter A ‘Hate Group'”. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
            Miller, Jake. “Why did Chris Christie go after Black Lives Matter?”. CBS News. Retrieved October 30, 2015.
            Brodesser-Akner, Claude. “Christie’s Black Lives ‘murder’ comments bashed by NAACP, ACLU”. The Star-Ledger. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
            Geraghty, Jim. “Black Lives Matter Makes a Good Case for Hosting a Democratic Debate”. National Review. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
            Diamond, Jeremy. “Trump on protester: ‘Maybe he should have been roughed up'”. CNN. Retrieved November 26, 2015.
            Legum, Judd (August 11, 2015). “Trump Vows To Beat Up Black Lives Matter Protesters If They Try To Speak At His Campaign Events”. ThinkProgress. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
            Linthicum, Kate (March 12, 2016). “How black, Latino and Muslim college students organized to stop Trump’s rally in Chicago”. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 13, 2016.
            Cassidy, John (March 13, 2016). “The Chicago Anti-Trump Protest Was Only the Beginning”. The New Yorker.
            Rhodes, Wawn (March 13, 2016). “4 charged in clashes after canceled Trump rally at UIC”. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
            Calderon, Michael (March 13, 2016). “CBS News Reporter Sopan Deb Arrested While Covering Donald Trump Rally”. HuffPost. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
            Eric Bradner; Eugene Scott. “‘Mothers of the Movement’ makes case for Hillary Clinton”. CNN. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
            “Gun Violence and Police Victims’ Mothers to Speak at DNC”. ABC News. July 27, 2016. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
            Lopez, German (July 27, 2016). “This moment at the DNC shows Democrats have embraced Black Lives Matter”. Vox. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
            Stockman, Farah (September 29, 2016). “The Subtle Phrases Hillary Clinton Uses to Sway Black Voters”. The New York Times. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
            Karni, Annie (October 1, 2016). “Hillary’s high stakes mission to Charlotte”. Politico. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
            Racine, Hope (September 2016). “The #BlackLivesMatter Discussion At The First Debate Omitted 3 Crucial Words”. Bustle. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
            activist, DeRay Mckesson DeRay Mckesson is a Black Lives Matter civil rights. “DeRay Mckesson: Why I’m voting for Hillary Clinton”. The Washington Post.
            “Black Lives Matter activist DeRay Mckesson endorses Hillary Clinton”. http://www.cbsnews.com.
            Chan, J. Clara (July 13, 2016). “What Is ‘All Lives Matter’? A Short Explainer”. Retrieved October 18, 2016.
            Scott, Eugene (September 3, 2015). “Tim Scott defends use of ‘all lives matter'”. CNN. Retrieved October 24, 2015.
            Samuel, Ebenezer. “Seahawks cornerback Richard Sherman explains why he stands by that All Lives Matter”. Daily News. New York. Retrieved August 6, 2016.
            “Black Lives Matter Or All Lives Matter?”. Rasmussen Reports. August 20, 2015. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
            Goldberg, David Theo (September 25, 2015). “Why ‘Black Lives Matter’ Because All Lives Don’t Matter in America”. HuffPost. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
            “A Herstory of the #BlackLivesMatter Movement by Alicia Garza – The Feminist Wire”. thefeministwire.com. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
            “President Obama defends Black Lives Matter movement”. CBS News. Retrieved October 24, 2015.
            Lynch, Sarah N. (October 16, 2017). “FBI says US police deaths spiked 61% in 2016”. Business Insider. Reuters.
            John S. Dempsey; Linda S. Forst; Steven B. Carter (January 1, 2018). An Introduction to Policing. Cengage Learning. p. 34. ISBN 978-1-337-55875-4. A pro-police movement called Blue Lives Matter was established in response to Black Lives matter and to the increasing attacks on law enforcement, which resulted in 63 officer line-of-duty deaths by gunfire in 2016.
            Lennard, Natasha (July 8, 2016). “After Dallas, We Don’t Need to Say ‘Blue Lives Matter'”. Rolling Stone.
            Craven, Julia (January 23, 2017). “Louisiana Police Chief Shows Why The State’s ‘Blue Lives Matter’ Law Is So Dangerous” – via Huff Post.
            Turner, Taylor. “Facebook Pages Purporting To Represent ‘White Student Unions’ Spark Backlash On College Campuses”. ABC. Retrieved November 26, 2015.
            Victor, Daniel (November 24, 2015). “‘White Student Union’ Groups Set Off Concerns at Campuses”. The New York Times. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
            Stack, Liam (August 30, 2016). “White Lives Matter Has Been Declared a Hate Group”. The New York Times. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
            Mettler, Katie (August 31, 2016). “Why SPLC says White Lives Matter is a hate group but Black Lives Matter is not”. The Washington Post. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
            “First UK ‘White Lives Matter’ Margate March Sees Tiny Turnout #WLM”. HuffPost. October 22, 2016. Retrieved October 23, 2016.
            Stanglin and Ingersoll, Doug and Stephanie (October 28, 2017). “‘White Lives Matter’ rallies: Opponents outnumber white nationalists at Tennessee shout fests”. USA Today. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
            “The Numbers Are In: Black Lives Matter Is Wrong about Police”. National Review. December 29, 2015. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
            “Why I Changed the Way I Write about Police Shootings”. September 12, 2018. Retrieved July 6, 2020.
            French, David. “American Racism: We’ve Got So Very Far to Go”. frenchpress.thedispatch.com. Retrieved July 6, 2020.
            “Officer characteristics and racial disparities in fatal officer-involved shootings”. PNAS.
            Naftulin, Julia (July 9, 2020). “The authors of a study downplaying racism in police killings called their findings ‘careless,’ and retracted the paper”. Insider. Retrieved July 18, 2020.
            Mendoza, Jessica. “Can Black Lives Matter and Police Lives Matter coexist? (+video)”. The Christian Science Monitor. ISSN 0882-7729. Retrieved September 17, 2015.
            Andrews, Travis M. (September 21, 2016). “Black Dallas police officer sues Black Lives Matter on behalf of ‘Christians, Jews and Caucasians,’ others”. The Washington Post.
            Kunzelman, Michael (June 14, 2017). “Can Black Lives Matter be sued? Activist’s attorney says no”. Associated Press.
            Gottfried, Mara H. (August 31, 2015). “Black Lives Matter chant threatening to officers, police say”. TwinCities.com, St. Paul Pioneer Press. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
            “NC police chief who retired after calling ‘Black Lives Matter’ a ‘terrorist group’ speaks out”. Fox. Retrieved November 7, 2015.
            Larimer, Sarah. “Officer reassigned after calling Black Lives Matter protesters ‘fools’ in tweet”. The Washington Post. Retrieved November 26, 2015.
            Gold, Ashley (June 5, 2015). “Why has the murder rate in some US cities suddenly spiked?”. BBC News. Retrieved September 12, 2016.
            Mathis, Joel. “Is the Black Lives Matter movement inspiring a new crime wave?”. Newsday. Retrieved October 30, 2015.
            “Murder Rate Spike Could Be ‘Ferguson Effect,’ DOJ Study Says”. NPR. June 15, 2016.
            Rosenfeld, Richard (2016), Documenting and Explaining the 2015 Homicide Rise: Research Directions (PDF), U.S. Department of Justice, retrieved June 15, 2016
            “Is the ‘Ferguson effect’ real? Researcher has second thoughts”. The Guardian. May 13, 2016.
            Schuppe, Jon (November 27, 2015). “Researchers Cast Doubt on ‘Ferguson Effect’ as Cause of Crime Spikes”. NBC News. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
            Gold, Ashley (June 5, 2015). “Why has the murder rate in some US cities suddenly spiked?”. BBC News. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
            Pyrooz, David C.; Decker, Scott H.; Wolfe, Scott E.; Shjarback, John A. (September 2016). “Archived copy”. Journal of Criminal Justice. 46: 1–8. doi:10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2016.01.001. Archived from the original on July 30, 2016. Retrieved July 23, 2016. Lay summary – University of Colorado Boulder News Center (February 4, 2016).
            Rosenfeld, Richard (June 2015). “Was There a ‘Ferguson Effect’ on Crime in St. Louis?” (PDF). Sentencing Project. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
            McWhorter, John. “Commentary: Black Lives Matter should also take on black-on-black crime”. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 28, 2015.
            Harriot, Michael. “Why We Never Talk About Black-on-Black Crime: An Answer to White America’s Most Pressing Question”. The Root. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
            Lartey, Jamiles. “‘Demolish that lie’: James Forman Jr takes on Black Lives Matter backlash”. The Guardian. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
            Hafner, Josh. “Why Black Lives Matter doesn’t focus on ‘black-on-black’ crime”. USA Today. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
            Yun Tan, Zhai. “What does ‘black-on-black crime’ actually mean?”. The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
            Sherman, Amy (May 21, 2015). “The actual statistics about black-on-black murders”. PolitiFact Florida.
            “Rudy Giuliani: “Black lives matter” is racist, anti-American”. CBS News. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
            Lim, Naomi (July 11, 2016). “Rudy Giuliani: Black Lives Matter ‘inherently racist'”. CNN. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
            Capehart, Jonathan (July 13, 2016). “No, ‘Black Lives Matter’ is not ‘inherently racist'”. The Washington Post. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
            Lindsey, Treva B. (2015). “Post-Ferguson: A ‘Herstorical’ Approach to Black Violability”. Feminist Studies. 41 (1): 232–237. doi:10.15767/feministstudies.41.1.232.
            Editor, Lilly Workneh Black Voices; Post, The Huffington (May 21, 2015). “#SayHerName: Black Women And Girls Matter, Too”. HuffPost. Retrieved November 24, 2016.
            “Say Her Name: Resisting Police Brutality against Black Women” (PDF). African American Policy Forum (AAPF).
            Loiaconi, Stephen (June 15, 2020). “As Black Lives Matter donations surge, some want to know where the money goes”. WSYX. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
            Rankin, Kenrya (September 22, 2015). “Poll Reveals that White America Views Black Lives Matter Movement as a Distraction”. ColorLines. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
            Rankin, Kenrya (June 28, 2016). “You’ll Never Guess How Many White People Say They Support #BlackLivesMatter”. ColorLines. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
            “On Views of Race and Inequality, Blacks and Whites Are Worlds Apart”. Pew Research Center. June 27, 2016. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
            Easley, Jonathan (August 2, 2017). “Poll: 57 percent have negative view of Black Lives Matter movement”. The Hill. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
            Druke, Galen, Clare Malone, Perry Bacon Jr., and Nate Silver. June 15, 2020. “Public Opinion Of The Black Lives Matter Movement Has Shifted. What Happens Next?” (podcast). FiveThirtyEight Politics. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
            Cohn, Nate, and Kevin Quealy. June 10, 2020. “How Public Opinion Has Moved on Black Lives Matter.” The Upshot. The New York Times. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
            Parker, Kim, Juliana Menasce Horowitz, and Monica Anderson. June 12, 2020. “Most Americans express support for the Black Lives Matter movement” (report). Pew Research Center.Full report (p. 5).
            Brownstein, Ronald (June 23, 2020). “The BLM protests preview the politics of a diversifying America”. CNN. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
            “Research”. NextGen America. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
            Brownstein, Ronald (June 23, 2020). “The BLM protests preview the politics of a diversifying America”. CNN. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
            Chotiner, Isaac (June 3, 2020). “A Black Lives Matter Co-Founder Explains Why This Time Is Different”. The New Yorker. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
            Hart, Gabby (June 11, 2020). “Black Lives Matter protests mark historic civil rights movement, UNLV professor says”. NBC News Las Vegas. Retrieved June 20, 2020.
            Buchanan, Larry; Bui, Quoctrung; Patel, Jugal K. (July 3, 2020). “Black Lives Matter May Be the Largest Movement in U.S. History”. The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 14, 2020.

          • let me point out once more, WIKI is not one guys opinion.

            For BLM – there are more than 400 references from a wide variety of sources.

            If you really have an open mind and want to know, you have to be willing to look at more than one thing.

            That statement is hyperbole .. and it’s not a threat of violence or anything close to it – it’s more of a belief … and not shared by the majority of those who do support BLM – including hundreds of corporate supporters.

            You make your own choice here.

          • The impetus behind working to eliminate systemic racism is absolutely legitimate.

            The impetus behind this specific group is not, in my opinion, and I have posted evidence to back up my opinion.

            Do you have anything other than generalized platitudes and pointed questions to those who disagree with you to back up your opinion that the group actually does have good intentions?

          • No. I’m not willing to draw firm conclusions based on one statement.

            I’m not going to use that one statement to discount BLM.

            So we’re at a point where we both have reached our bottom lines?

            BLM is real and legitimate – has some issues – but bottom line they have legitimacy in the view of system racism.

            I do think it’s interesting how some folks totally reject that group – AND do not instead cite other groups they do like better on the same issue and instead confirm the legitimacy of the basic issue – systemic racism and identify groups to support in dealing with it.

          • Larry,

            Will you please stop copying and pasting 8775 word lists? There were only 611 words in the original article. That makes your “comment” about 14.4 times longer than the original posting.

            You’re causing a clog in the blog.

          • that was terrible. My apologies to you and everyone else.

          • Larry,

            Wikipedia is open source that is able to be edited by anyone at any given time. It’s only corrected when someone feels the need to do so, so you continued reliance on it is humorous.

            Further onto WayneS point, you never accept or admit you don’t know what you’re talking about and never will.

          • Reed Fawell 3rd

            MAdams says:
            “Larry … Further onto WayneS point, you never accept or admit you don’t know what you’re talking about and never will.”

            MAdams, yet again, goes into the heart of the matter.

  3. Great.

    I very often wear Hawaiian shirts in summertime when carrying concealed. I’ve been dressing this way for a couple of decades at this point. The shirts are comfortable and cool in hot weather, and they are worn untucked so they can cover a decent sized handgun in a belt holster.

    Now, because of the actions of some small group of morons, I have to be concerned about being attacked by a different group of morons for no other reason than my choice of clothing.

    Simply marvelous.

  4. Even by the incredibly low standards of Virginia politicians Stoney is coming across as a fool. The rioting was done by white supremacists but none of the people arrested were tied to white supremacist groups. Why did the police overlook the real criminals when making dozens of arrests? Meanwhile, the so-called Bugaloo Boys are proving very hard to surveil despite wearing Hawaiian shirts and carrying semi-automatic weapons (see picture with this article). The Keystone Cops could follow the two guys in the photo.

    Finally, the “known white supremacists” in Hawaiian shirts stroll into a crowd of hundreds of Black Lives Matter protesters and nobody says anything.

    Can you imagine the conversation?

    Known white supremacist in a Hawaiian shirt looking like a refugee from a Hawaiian Punch commercial: “Hi! We’re the Bugaloo Boys. We’re here for the riot. We’re hoping to start a second civil war. Are we in the right place?”

    BLM organizer: “Oh hey! Great to see you white supremacists here for our march. You must have seen our poster. You’re in the right place. Why don’t you and the other Bugaloo Boys march down the left side of the street breaking windows. Do you need any frozen water bottles or sharpened PVC pipe?”

    And this guy Stoney wants to be governor?

    • Well – that’s funny as heck – seriously . 😉

      But do you remember what you and others were saying about the leaders in Charlottesville as well as Northam during the “Unite the Right” affair?

      All I’m trying to do is encourage some context…

      It seems sometimes that no matter the event – the sscream·ing meem·ies emerge like a metaphorical swarm of yellow jackets…

      then they go back and await the next event……..

      • Northam was not governor during the “Unite the Right affair” so I doubt anyone said much of anything about him.

        • No, Northam was just the then Virginia governors chief assistant, his lieutenant governor, and the then attorney general was Herring who remains today. Its same regime, but more radical now, given its earlier success.

    • “Finally, the “known white supremacists” in Hawaiian shirts stroll into a crowd of hundreds of Black Lives Matter protesters and nobody says anything.”

      Excellent point. White supremacist “boogaloo boys” trying “infiltrate” a BLM rally would be like a a giraffe trying to infiltrate a herd of elephants.

  5. Baconator with extra cheese

    Seems as though “Biden Brain” has spread to our local Democrats and some commenters.
    The BLM757 group and those same Bugaloo Boys are advertising a Black Rifles Matter protest at the Capital in August. Is Northam going to stockade the Capital grounds again?

  6. well that was dumb… you are correct…. but criticisms were similar:

    https://www.wvtf.org/post/report-finds-law-enforcement-failed-charlottesville-rally

    Virginia Gov. Terry McAuliffe, Police Chief Al Thomas and other top officials have previously defended the law enforcement response, saying police had to show restraint because some people in the crowd were heavily armed.

    Rally organizers and counterprotesters, as well as some law enforcement experts, have questioned why authorities didn’t do more to separate opposing forces or step in once the violence began breaking out.

    City officials had tried to move the rally to a larger park about a mile (1.5 kilometers) from downtown Charlottesville, but their request was blocked by a federal judge after the American Civil Liberties Union sued on free-speech grounds.

    On Friday, City Manager Maurice Jones said in a statement that the city does not “agree with every aspect of the report’s findings” but that “we, and our law enforcement partner in the Virginia State Police, undoubtedly fell short of expectations, and for that we are profoundly sorry.”

    • “…but criticisms were similar…”

      And they were well-earned.

    • So if criminals are “heavily armed” then the police can’t do anything? What a croc. Funny how the cops controlled the heavily armed crowd on Lobby Day just fine.

      • lots of excuses. yes….. and yes, good point about “lobby” day but then that was the General Assembly, right? So if all those antifas and other miscreants showed up like Lobby Day – they’d be dealt with? By Capital Police and State Police , maybe? oh wait. the State police screwed up in Cville also and also had excuses.

  7. Baconator with extra cheese

    And a few of those arrested are active on Twitter. They also deny white supremacists caused the damage and have been calling out Stoney. They aren’t hard to find on Twitter.
    One of their names is used in the Mercury article. Look up the guy’s tweets. It’s very informative.

  8. Baconator with extra cheese

    In the picture I notice the guy with the AR standing right next to the Stoney-declared white supremecist… (to the Boogaloos’ left). He must be a white supremecist who went to the Northam-school of makeup and disguises… seriously he doesn’t quite fit the model judging by his complexion, unless this is a David Chappelle sketch (not safe for work if you Google that one!).

  9. Looks like the mobs have moved on from Catholic Kentucky high school kids wearing MAGA hats in front of US Capital building in DC, to white guys in Richmond wearing Hawaiian shirts. Richmond’s politicians, looking for scapegoats, anyone to charge but their base supporters, are fishing dry holes.

Leave a Reply