While Medicaid expansion may have been dead on arrival at the General Assembly this year, the Senate Education and Health Committee has been thinking of other ways to improve medical access for Virginia’s poor. One solution is to loosen the regulatory restrictions that limit the ability of nurse practitioners to handle routine medical cases without a physician’s supervision. Three bills passed by the committee would improve medical access by expanding the role for nurse practitioners.
Reports the Richmond Times-Dispatch:
- SB 369 would establish a pilot program in which nurse practitioners would practice without direct supervision of a physician in clinics in medically under-served or high-unemployment areas. The nurses would collaborate with physicians via tele-medicine, and would have authority to issue prescriptions.
- SB 264 would allow a nurse practitioner to provide care for up to 120 days in the event that the physician overseeing the patient care team dies, retires, becomes disabled or no longer has a license.
- SB 463 would authorize nurse practitioners certified as nurse midwives to practice without the requirement for collaboration and consultation with a patient care team physician.
By themselves, these measures will not solve the plight of Virginia’s uninsured population, which Medicaid expansion is meant to address, but they are a step in the right direction. Combined with other measures such as the rollback of Certificate of Public Need regulations and the expansion of primary-care clinics, Virginia can do a lot to ensure better access for the poor and near-poor without exposing taxpayers to the massive fiscal risk of expanding Medicaid.
Advocates of Medicaid expansion tend to overlook a critical point: Having access to health insurance is not the same as having access to primary care services. Because Medicaid tends to pay health care providers less than it costs them to provide a service, Medicaid patients are money losers. As a consequence, many primary-care physicians, who tend to be over stretched as it is, refuse to take Medicaid patients. The looming physician shortage makes it increasingly difficult for Medicaid patients to find a primary-care physician, which is why so many end up in the emergency room.
The U.S. health care system is an extraordinarily complicated organism, and its problems cannot be fixed by throwing money at it. By taking up the if-you-don’t-like-Medicaid-expansion-what’s-the-alternative challenge, Virginia can build a health care system that works better for all. These three bills are excellent examples of the kind of thinking we need. If Republicans win the White House in 2016 and succeed in their dream of dismantling Obamacare, we’ll be darn glad we chose this path.